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The NACBTp Steering Committee has compiled a list of peer-reviewed literature produced by or with North American scholars on various aspects of CBTp. The categories below are considered non-exhaustive, overlapping, and ever-changing, but we hope that these compiled references can assist those who come to our site hoping to learn more about CBTp treatment development, service delivery, training, and implementation in the U.S. and Canada. We welcome collaboration and contribution from colleagues across Mexico, the U.S., and Canada.

Group CBTp
  • Beauchamp, M-C., Lecomte, T., Lecomte, C., Leclerc, C., & Corbière, M. (2013). Do personality traits matter when choosing a group therapy for early psychosis? Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 86(1), 19-32  

  • Guaiana G, Abbatecola M, Aali G, Tarantino F, Ebuenyi ID, Lucarini V, Li W, Zhang C, Pinto A. Cognitive behavioural therapy (group) for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2022, Issue 7. Art. No.: CD009608. 

  • Leclerc, C. & Lecomte, Tania. (2012). TCC pour premiers épisodes de psychose : pourquoi la thérapie de groupe obtient les meilleurs résultats ? Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive, 22, 104-110. 

  • Lecomte, T., Abdel‐Baki, A., Francoeur, A., Cloutier, B., Leboeuf, A., Abadie, P., ... & Guay, S. (2020). Group therapy via videoconferencing for individuals with early psychosis: A pilot study. Early Intervention in Psychiatry.

  • Lecomte, T., Corbière, M., Giguère, C-E., Titone, D., Lysaker, P. (2019). Group cognitive behaviour therapy for supported employment - results of a randomized controlled cohort trial. Schizophrenia Research

  • Lecomte, T., Corbière, M., & Lysaker, P.H.  (2014) Une intervention de groupe cognitive comportementale pour les personnes suivies par un programme de soutien en emploi (TCC-SE). L’Encéphale. 40(2), S81-S90.

  • Lecomte, T., Leclerc, C., Corbière, M., Wykes, T., Wallace, C., Spidel, A. (2008). Group cognitive behavior therapy or social skills training for individuals with a recent onset of psychosis? Results of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 196, 866-875. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31818ee231

  • Lecomte, T., Leclerc, C., & Wykes, T. (2012). Group CBT for early psychosis – are there still benefits one year later? International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 62, 309-322.

  • Lecomte, T., Leclerc, C., and Wykes, T. (2017). Symptom fluctuations, self-esteem and cohesion during group CBT for early psychosis. Psychology and Psychotherapy : Theory, Research and Practice.

  • Lecomte, T., Leclerc, C.,Wykes, T., Nicole, L., & Abdel Baki, A. (2015) Understanding process in group cognitive behavior therapy for psychosis. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 88(2): 163-177.

  • Lecomte, T., Leclerc C., Wykes, T & Lecomte J. (2003) Group CBT for clients with a first episode of psychosis. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 17(4), 375-384. DOI: 10.1891/jcop.17.4.375.52538

  • Menon M, Andersen DR, Quilty LC, Woodward TS. (2015). Individual factors predicted to influence outcome in group CBT for psychosis and related therapies. Frontiers in Psychology.

Group-Administered  CBTp

CBTp Training and Implementation 

  • Hardy, K. V., Espil, F. M., Smith, C. L., Furuzawa, A., Lean, M., Zhao, Z., ... & Loewy, R. L. (2020). Training early psychosis community clinicians in CBT for psychosis: Implementation and feasibility. Early Intervention in Psychiatry.  

  • Kopelovich, S., Hughes, M., Monroe-DeVita, M. B., Peterson, R., Cather, C., & Gottlieb, J. (2019). Statewide implementation of cognitive behavioral therapy for psychosis through a learning collaborative model. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 26(3), 439-452. 

  • Kopelovich, S., & Monroe-DeVita, M. (2017). Adopting Technology and a Stepped Care Approach to Advance the Implementation of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Psychosis (CBTp) in Community Mental Health Settings: Introducing the CBTp Project Echo Clinic. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 43, S209.

  • Kopelovich, S.,  Stiles, B., Monroe-DeVita, M., Hardy, K., Hallgren, K., & Turkington, D. (2021).  Psychosis REACH: Evaluating the effects of a brief training in CBT for psychosis-informed skills for family and caregivers. Psychiatric Services.

  • Kopelovich, S. L., Strachan, E., Sivec, H., & Kreider, V. (2019). Stepped care as an implementation and service delivery model for cognitive behavioral therapy for psychosis. Community Mental Health Journal, 55(5), 755-767.

  • Lecomte, Tania, Leclerc, C. (2007). Implementing Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy for Psychosis – Issues and solutions. The Journal of the Norwegian Psychological Association, 5, 588-597. ISBN:978-0-415-54947-9

  • Sivec, H., Kreider, V., Buzzelli, C. Hrouda, D., Hricovec, M.  (2020). Do Attitudes Matter? Evaluating the Influence of Training in CBT-p-Informed Strategies on Attitudes About Working with People Who Experience Psychosis. Community Mental Health Journal.

  • Spidel, A., Lecomte, T, Leclerc, C. (2006). Community implementation successes and challenges of a cognitive-behavior therapy group for individuals with a first episode of psychosis. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 36, 51-58.

Training and Implementation
Treatment Development

Treatment  Development

  • Addington, J. & Lecomte, T. (2012) Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for schizophrenia. F1000 Med Reports2012, 4(6). doi: 10.3410/M4-6.

  • Francoeur, A., Hache-Labelle, C., Samson, C., Vezina, M., Lecomte, T. (2018) Stratégies d’engagement, faisabilité et impact potentiel d’une intervention de groupe cognitive comportementale pour la psychose au sein d’une équipe de suivi intensif dans le milieu. Santé Mentale au Québec, 43, 73-84.

  • Hache-Labelle, C., Abdel-Baki, A., Lepage, M., Laurin, A-S., Guillou, A., Francoeur, A., Bergeron, S. & Lecomte, T. (2020). Romantic relationship group intervention for men with early psychosis - A feasibility, acceptability and potential impact pilot study. Early intervention in Psychiatry, DOI: 10.1111/eip.13012.

  • Lecomte, T, Corbière, M., Simard, S., & Leclerc, C. (2014). Merging evidence-based psychosocial interventions in schizophrenia. Behavioral Sciences, 4(4), 437-447; doi:10.3390/bs4040437.

  • Montesano, V.L., Sivec, H.J., Munetz, M.R., Pelton, J.R., Turkington, D. (2014). Adapting Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Psychosis for case managers: Increasing access to services in a community mental health agency. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 37: 11-16.

  • Naeem, F., Johal, R., McKenna, C., Rathod, S., Ayub, M., Lecomte, T., Husain, N., Kingdon, D., Farroq, S. (2016). Cognitive Behavior Therapy for psychosis based Guided Self-help (CBTp-GSH) delivered by frontline mental health professionals: Results of a feasibility study. Schizophrenia Research.

Man Using Smart Tablet

Treatment Guidance

Treatment Guidane
Digital CBTp
Brown Leaf

CBTp Digital Interventions

  • Ben-Zeev D, Chander A, Tauscher J, Buck B, Nepal S, Campbell A, Doron G. (2021). A Smartphone Intervention for People With Serious Mental Illness: Fully Remote Randomized Controlled Trial of CORE. J Med Internet Res 23(11):e29201; URL:; DOI: 10.2196/29201

  • Ben-Zeev, D., Brian, R. M., Jonathan, G., Razzano, L., Pashka, N., Carpenter-Song, E., ... & Scherer, E. A. (2018). Mobile health (mHealth) versus clinic-based group intervention for people with serious mental illness: A randomized controlled trial. Psychiatric Services, 69(9), 978-985.

  • Ben-Zeev D, Buck B, Chu PV, Razzano L, Pashka N, Hallgren KA. (2019). Transdiagnostic Mobile Health: Smartphone Intervention Reduces Depressive Symptoms in People with Mood and Psychotic Disorders. JMIR Ment Health, 6(4):e13202. doi: 10.2196/13202

  • Ben-Zeev, D., Buck, B., Kopelovich, S., & Meller, S. (2019). A technology-assisted life of recovery from psychosis. Nature: Schizophrenia, 5(15), 1-15. doi:

  • Ben-Zeev, D., Kaiser, S. M., Brenner, C. J., Begale, M., Duffecy, J., & Mohr, D. C. (2013). Development and usability testing of FOCUS: A smartphone system for self-management of schizophrenia. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 36(4), 289.

  • Ben-Zeev D, Razzano LA, Pashka NJ, Levin CE. (2021). Cost of mHealth Versus Clinic-Based Care for Serious Mental Illness: Same Effects, Half the Price Tag. Psychiatric Services. doi: 10.1176/

  • Gottlieb, J. D., Gidugu, V., Maru, M., Tepper, M. C., Davis, M. J., Greenwold, J., ... & Mueser, K. T. (2017). Randomized controlled trial of an internet cognitive behavioral skills-based program for auditory hallucinations in persons with psychosis. Psychiatric rehabilitation journal, 40(3), 283.

  • Gottlieb, J. D., Romeo, K. H., Penn, D. L., Mueser, K. T., & Chiko, B. P. (2013). Web-based cognitive–behavioral therapy for auditory hallucinations in persons with psychosis: A pilot study. Schizophrenia research, 145(1-3), 82-87.

  • Pennou, A., Lecomte, T., Potvin, S., Khazaal, Y. (2019). Mobile intervention for individuals with psychosis and comorbid substance use disorder: a literature review. Frontiers in Psychiatry-Addictive Disorders, 10 : 302. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00302

  • Schlosser, D. A., Campellone, T. R., Truong, B., Etter, K., Vergani, S., Komaiko, K., & Vinogradov, S. (2018). Efficacy of PRIME, a mobile app intervention designed to improve motivation in young people with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia bulletin, 44(5), 1010-1020.


Third-Wave CBTp Approaches

  • Khoury, B., Lecomte, T., Comtois, G., & Nicole, L. (2015). Third wave strategies for emotion regulation in early psychosis: A pilot study. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 9, 76-83. doi:10.1111/eip.12095

  • Khoury, B., Lecomte, T., Gaudiano, B. A., & Paquin, K. (2013). Mindfulness interventions for psychosis: A meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Research, 150, 176-184 DOI: 10.1016/j.schres.2013.07.055

  • Kumar D, Menon M¥, Woodward TS, Moritz S. (2015). Using the back door: Metacognitive training for psychosis. Psychosis, 7, 166-178. (¥ Joint first authors).

  • Langlois, T., Sanchez-rodriguez, R., Bourcier, A. , Lamy, P., Callahan, S., Lecomte, T. (2020) Effectiveness of the group intervention “Accept Voices” based on psychoeducation and 3rd wave CBTs for the management of verbal auditory hallucinations. Psychiatry Research, 291,

  • Moritz S, Andreou C, Schneider BC, Wittekind C, Menon M, Balzan RP, Woodward TS. (2014). Sowing the seeds of doubt: a narrative review on metacognitive training in schizophrenia. Clinical Psychology Review, 34, 358-366. 

  • Moritz S, Menon M, Andersen D, Woodward TS & Gallinat J. (2018). Moderators of symptomatic outcome in Metacognitive Training for Psychosis (MCT). Who benefits and who does not? Cognitive Therapy and Research, 42 (1), 80-91.

  • Moritz S, Veckenstedt R, Bohn F, Hottenrott B, Andreou C, Leighton L, Kother U, Woodward TS, Treszl A, Menon M, Viertel B, Pfueller U, Roesch-Ely D. (2014). Delayed and “sleeper” effects of metacognitive group training (MCT) in schizophrenia. A three year follow up investigation. JAMA Psychiatry (formerly Archives of General Psychiatry).  71, 1103-1111.

  • Spidel, A., Lecomte, T., Daigneault, I., Kealy, D. (2018). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for psychosis and trauma: Investigating links between trauma severity, attachment, and outcome. Journal of Behaviour Research and Therapy.

  • Spidel, A., Lecomte, T., Kealy, D., Daigneault, I. (2018) Acceptance and commitment therapy for psychosis and trauma: Improvement in psychiatric symptoms, emotion regulation, and treatment compliance following a brief group intervention. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. DOI:10.1111/papt.12159

Mountain Sunset

CBTp Effectiveness Research

  • Leclerc C., Lecomte T, Wykes T. (2004). Thérapie cognitive comportementale pour le traitement des premiers épisodes de troubles mentaux graves : Pertinence de cette approche pour les infirmières du Québec. (Cognitive behavior therapy for treating first episode psychosis: relevance of this approach for Quebec nurses). Infoqiip, 17(4); 3-12.

  • Lecomte, T, & Leclerc, C. (2008).  La thérapie cognitive comportementale pour la psychose – description, efficacité et rôle du psychologue québécois. Revue Québécoise de Psychologie, 29(1), 63-76.

  • Sivec, H.J. & Montesano, V.L. (2012). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Psychosis (CBT-P) in clinical practice. Psychotherapy, 49, 258-270.

  • Knott, V., Wright, N., Shah, D., Baddeley, A., Bowers, H., de la Salle, S., & Labelle, A. (2020). Change in the Neural Response to Auditory Deviance Following Cognitive Therapy for Hallucinations in Patients With Schizophrenia. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 555. 

  • Aguilar, E. J., Corripio, I., García-Martí, G., Grasa, E., Martí-Bonmatí, L., Gómez-Ansón, B., ... & Turkington, D. (2018). Emotional fMR auditory paradigm demonstrates normalization of limbic hyperactivity after cognitive behavior therapy for auditory hallucinations. Schizophrenia research, 193, 304-312.

  • Brabban, A., Byrne, R., Longden, E., & Morrison, A. P. (2017). The importance of human relationships, ethics and recovery-orientated values in the delivery of CBT for people with psychosis. Psychosis, 9(2), 157-166.


Clinical Series

  • Kopelovich, S., Wood, K., Cotes, R. O., & Goldsmith, D. R. (2020). Integration of clozapine-associated harm obsessions into a cognitive behavioral conceptualization and treatment planning for thought broadcasting: A case study. Journal of Psychiatric Practice, 26(4), 329-336.  doi: 10.1097/PRA.0000000000000470

  • Sivec, H.J. & Montesano, V.L. (2013). Clinical process examples in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Psychosis. Psychotherapy, 50, 458-463.

Clinical Series
meta analyses

Meta-Analyses and Systematic Reviews

  • Lecomte, T., Potvin, S., Samson, C., Francoeur, A., Hache-Labelle, C., Gagné, S., Boucher, J., Bouchard, M., Mueser, K.T. (2019) Predicting and preventing symptom onset and relapse in schizophrenia- A meta review of current empirical evidence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 128(8):840-854.

  • McDonagh, M., Dana, T., Cantor, A., Selph, S., Monroe-DeVita, M., Kopelovich S., Devine, B., Blazina, I., Bougatsos, C., Grusing, S., Fu, R., Haupt, D. (2017). Treatments for adults with schizophrenia: A systematic review (AHRQ Publication No. 17(18)-EHC031-EF). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Retrieved from

  • Naeem, F., Khoury, B., Munshi, T., Ayub, M., Lecomte, T., Kingdon, D., Farooq, S. (2016).  Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Psychosis (CBTp) for Schizophrenia: Literature Review and Meta-analysis. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 9(1), 73-86

  • Turner, D.T., Reijnders, M., van der Gaag, M., Karyotaki, E., Valmaggia, L.R., Moritz, S., Lecomte, T., Turkington, D., Penade, R., Elkis, H.,  Cather, C., Shawyer, F., O’Connor, K., Li, Z-J.,  de Paiva Barretto, E.M., Cuijpers, P. (2020). Efficacy and moderators of cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis versus other psychological interventions: An individual-participant data meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11 :402.

  • Agbor, C., Kaur, G., Soomro, F. M., Eche, V. C., Urhi, A., Ayisire, O. E., Kilanko, A., Babalola, F., Eze-Njoku, C., Adaralegbe, N. J., Aladum, B., Oyeleye-Adegbite, O., & Anugwom, G. O. (2022). The Role of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in the Management of Psychosis. Cureus, 14(9).

Student Corner

The student corner section of the Research page hosts relevant peer-reviewed article summaries contributed by students and trainees. 

Our first featured summary is provided by Zeinabl Makky, an undergraduate student at the University of Montreal.

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